[pix_dropcap]W[/pix_dropcap]ildlife photography is a section of photography concerned with documenting various forms of wildlife in their natural habitat. It is one of the more challenging forms of photography. As well as requiring sound technical skills, such as being able to expose correctly, wildlife photographers generally need good field craft skills. For example, some animals are difficult to approach and thus a knowledge of the animal’s behavior is needed in order to be able to predict itsactions. The animal are often photographed in action, such as eating, fighting or in flight. Alternativley, more static portraits may be used to show details of the animal or to depict it in it’s enviroment. Captive or controlled animals are often photographed instead of true wild specimens. Photographing some species may require stalking skills, many wildlife photographers use blinds or camouflage, flexed or floating hides for concealment.
While wildlife photographs can be taken using basic equipment successfully photography of some types of wildlife requires specialist equipment, such as micro lenses for insects, long focal length lenses for birds and underwater cameras for marine life. However a great wildlife photographer can also be the result of being in the right place at the right time. In the early days of photography it was difficult to get a photograph of wildlife due to slow lenses and the low sensitivity of photographic media.
The techniques of wildlife photoraphy differs greatly from those used in landscape photography. For example in wildlife photography wide apertures are used to achieve a fast shutter speed to freeze the subject’s motion and blur the back grounds while landscape photographers prefer small apertures. Wildlife is also usually shot with long telephoto lenses from a great distance, the use of such telephoto lenses frequently necessitates the use of a tripod, since the longer the lens, the heaver and harder it is to handheld.
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